Xuan Paper


Xuan Paper is China's unique handicraft. It was produced in Jingxian County which was under jurisdiction of Xuan Prefecture in ancient China, hence the name.  This paper is soft-colored, fine-textured, moth resistant, with a high tensile strength, and remarkable longevity. When used in painting or calligraphy art, it has the capacity to support the ink or paint and faithfully exudes the spirit of the artistic conception in different shades of grey with marvelous aesthetic effect.

Xuan paper is a form of paper used in traditional Chinese painting and calligraphy, considered one of the Four Treasure of the Study, and has 1500 years of history. In the fall of 1964, Mr. Guo Moruo remarked in the inscription he wrote for the Jingxian County Xuan Paper Factory, "Xuan paper is an artistic creation invented by the Chinese working people; Chinese calligraphy and painting have no way to express the wonderful aesthetic charms without it."

The production includes very complicated processes, mainly composed of four parts: material selection, pulping, ingredient proportioning, paper making, and in 108 processing steps: boiling, bleaching, washing, pulping, dipping, sun drying, paper cutting and so on; all the processes are done by hands. Under the geographical indication protection program, the branding of Xuan paper has been much improved; the production techniques are preserved and promoted; the status of Jingxian County as the place of origin of the Xuan paper has been protected. (Courtesy of the IP Protection Department of CNIPA)